Originally published in The Insects of Australia (2nd Edition 1991). By M. Carver, G. F. Gross and T. E. Woodward. With contributions by G. Cassis, J.W. Evans, R. G. Fennah, M.J. Fletcher, L. Hill, I. Lansbury, M.B. Malipatil, G.B. Monteith, M.S. Moulds, J.T. Polhemus, J.A. Slater, P. Stys, K.L. Taylor, T.A. Weir and D.J. Williams.