Thripidae: Panchaetothripinae: Caliothrips graminicola

Recognition data

Distinguishing features

Female macropterous; body dark brown; all tarsi and bases and apices of tibiae yellow; antennal segment II dark brown, III and IV yellow with apical half light brown, V mainly yellow with apex shaded; forewing brown, with two white cross bands, sub-basally and sub-apically, also variably pale on anterior part of median dark band, extreme apex dark. Head not constricted at base. Antennae 8-segmented, III and IV with long forked sensorium, VIII at least twice as long as VII. Pronotum reticulate, many markings within each reticle, no long setae. Metanotum irregularly reticulate, one pair of major setae near anterior margin. Tarsi elongate but 1-segmented; hind coxae with coiled internal apodeme. Forewing second vein with about five setae; longest costal cilia almost as long as costal setae. Tergite lateral thirds with widely-spaced transverse lines and many markings between these; VIII with craspedum medially, tooth-like microtrichia laterally; median split on X about half as long as tergite. Male tergite IX with three pairs of stout setae medially; sternites IV-VII with small transverse pore plate.

Related and similar species

Caliothrips is a genus of 20 species. Most of these are from the New World, with ten in North or Meso-America and three from Carribean Islands. Four species are from Africa and three from Asia, and two species extend into Australia. C. graminicola has the abdominal tergites with transverse striae, but unlike C. striatopterus the extreme apex of the forewing is dark.

Distribution data

General distribution

Described from Sudan; recorded from eastern Africa and widespread in India (Wilson, 1975).

Australian distribution

Found rarely, at Darwin (Northern Territory), and northern Queensland.

Biological data

Host plants

Apparently associated with Poaceae

Life history

Presumably breeding on the leaves of grasses

Taxonomic data

Current valid name

  • Caliothrips graminicola (Bagnall & Cameron)

Original name and synonyms

  • Caliothrips graminicola Bagnall & Cameron, 1932
  • Sericothrips quadrifasciatus Girault, 1927

Australian Species A-Z